What Causes Fissures

  posted by: Dennis


In science, we have what we call volcanic fissure to talk about any crack taking place in volcanoes. In medical term though, the term fissure refers to any tear, groove, or split in any parts of the body. Some examples of fissures include brain fissures and palpebral fissure which is seen in the eyelids. It may also be seen on the foot.

On the other hand, there are also unnatural yet common fissures which occur in the body – anal fissures. This happens when there is tear present in the anal canal lining. Anal fissures may also be seen in anal fistula/fistulae. It can happen to all ages including women who have just given birth, constipated infants or adults, and those with inflammatory bowel diseases. But what causes anal fissures? Let’s take a look at some of the information below.

Anal Fissures – Causes

Like mentioned above, different types of circumstances can bring about this health condition. Anal fissures, which are also otherwise known as perianal ulcer, can take place as a result of constipation particularly in babies. Straining during bowel elimination can basically create a tear in the area. Medical conditions such as inflammatory bowel diseases, ulcerative colitis, irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn’s disease, and even colon cancer can also be linked for its occurrence. Pregnancy and childbirth are the common causes why it happens in women. Sexually transmitted diseases and anal sex also play a role in developing the problem.

Symptoms of Anal Fissures

Below are some of the signs and symptoms that commonly manifest in a patient suffering from the condition:

  • Severe pain during and after each bowel movement
  • Blood in the stool characterized by bright red color
  • Noticeable tear or crack in the rectal region
  • Skin tag or lump on the skin though not as extreme as hemorrhoids
  • Redness, inflamed, and irritated skin area in the anus

If you notice any of these symptoms, then what you have to do is to seek medical advice just so proper treatment may be given. On the other hand, we give you some details on how to go about treating the problem.

Anal Fissures – Treatment

Depending on the severity of the condition, how to cure fissures in the anus may range from surgery such as sphincterotomy to medication intake. For severe cases, the surgery may be the best option for the problem, while in mild cases; steroids to prevent pain may be applied. The muscles can also be relaxed by intake of nitroglycerin, though should be thoroughly asked to your physician. Calcium channel blockers and Botox may also be other treatment of choice.

On the other hand, it plays a vital part to follow some home remedies and prevention tips as measures on how to alleviate the symptoms. Some of what you can do include consuming high fiber diet and performing sitz bath to help increase blood flow in the area.

With the abovementioned information about anal fissures, then most probably, you have understood well enough what causes fissures, its signs and symptoms, as well as treatment methods to get rid of the problem. Hope this has helped!




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Date: September 6, 2011 | Category: General Health
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